; This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America. Hamelia patens is a large perennial shrub or small tree in the coffee family, Rubiaceae, that is native to the American subtropics and tropics. Family: Rubiaceae Juss. General Characters of Rubiaceae 2. Purchase Description. In St. Louis, it is usually grown as an annual. Hamelia Patens Dwarf Plant; Product Material : Natural Plant With Pot , Quantity : 1; Pot : Height : 5 Inches (13 cm), Pot Colour : Black (Plastic) Very easy to maintain and Suitable for gifting to Plant Lovers; Plant Description. Inflorescence: Terminal cyme. Reddish stems and leafstalks. Tubular orange-red to red flowers appear in terminal clusters (cymes) in summer and fall. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. - HEIGHT: 8-12 feet tall, 15 feet if given support, “though it can easily be kept to five or eight feet tall.” [2] Reported to over 18' with trunks to 6" diameter. Hamelia Firebush, Is a prolific bloomer that the hummingbirds and butterflies adore, the clusters of bright reddish-orange or scarlet tubular shaped flowers. 10. patens, is native to the southern half of Florida and is evergreen under frost free conditions and can develop into a medium to large shrub. Growth Habit: ‘Compacta’ very manageable mounding shrub Around sunset, look for Pluto Sphinx and Nessus Sphinx moths which hover around the flowers, sipping nectar and laying their eggs on the leaves for their caterpillars to consume after hatching. Stem: Leaves turn red in fall. Description for Hamelia patens. See their flickr link Condensed Version:. Mature plants will reach up to 4' tall and equally as wide while taking on a well-branched, bushy habit. 'Grelmsiz' is a selection of scarlet bush that features yellow to chartreuse colored foliage and terminal clusters of 1" long, red, tubular flowers. As an annual in the St. Louis area, it typically rises to 2-3’ tall in a growing season and blooms in summer and early fall. The bark is used in tanning. patens is native to Florida, the West Indies, Mexico, Central America, and South America, characterized as a shrub with long internodes, pubescent (especially abaxially) leaf blades (6-18 x 3-8 cm) often 2 per node, reddish petioles, 20-30 flowered inflorescences, and pubescent red to red-orange corolla tubes without a basal constriction. Picture courtesy Forest and Kim Starr. Flower: Thrives in high heat. It is used to treat unspecified medicinal disorders. I would like to see sweeter-tasting wild selections named and cultivated. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Stem: Erect, woody, cylindrical, solid, branched, green. Hamelia patens Jacq. This plant is known to the Mayan as Ix-canan, meaning “guardian of the forest.” What I love most about this pretty native shrub are the many hummingbirds and Zebra Longwing butterflies that visit the long-blooming flowers [forming in cymes] that are scattered among my two acre food forest garden. Whorls of pointed, oval, gray-green leaves (to 6” long) with pinkish veins. ‘Firefly’ is a cultivar of the Florida native Firebush, Hamelia patens. - SPREAD: 5-8 foot spread. CAUTION: Dwarf cultivars are available, but please read my caution below relating to them, and why you might want to avoid planting them. Moisture: Average to dry; Hamelia patens. I encourage any herbalists out there to contact me if you have any personal experience with this plant. The leaves are used as fodder. Tubular orange-red to red flowers appear in terminal clusters (cymes) in summer and fall. Winter hardy to USDA Zones 9-10. When grown as an annual, this plant may be sited directly in the soil or in containers that can be overwintered indoors. Affinity and Economic Importance. When in bloom, they can be quite showy. One of the best plant choices to attract butterflies and hummingbirds in Florida is Hamelia patens, the native firebush. Hamelia patens; This is beautiful shrub with red flowers, grown in the gardens as an ornamental. Hamelia patens, formerly H. erecta is a member of the Rubiaceae or Madder family. Orange-red tubular flowers cover the plant most of the year, and are followed by black berries and foliage that turns a … Exposure: Full sun to part shade. These are very healthy plants with well established root systems. United States, FL, Miami-Dade Co., Miami, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden. DESCRIPTION: Shrub. Pest and Diseases Occasional attacks of scales or mites may require control measures. The ripe fruits are edible, yet are not at all choice in my opinion, often leaving a bitter taste in ones mouth. It is sensitive to frost, […] The Firebush, Hamelia patens var. Second Volume. Other Names: Firebush, Texas Firebush, Firecracker Bush Description: A beautiful native shrub, producing a dense mound of gray-green leaves; orange-red tubular flowers all summer into fall that are loved by hummingbirds; evergreen and larger growing in warm climates; great for containers and borders Hamelia patens species of plant ... Starr-071024-9840-Hamelia patens-flowers and leaves-Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula-Maui (24599806300).jpg 2,816 × 2,112; 2.31 MB. Leaves: Opposite, decussate, sessile, Simple, stipulate, simple interpetiolar, cuspidate, oblong, entire, acute, unicostate reticulate. A single plant can reach 5 feet or more in one full season. Firebush, also known as Hamelia patens, is a native to the southern U.S. and is a large, woody shrub. The flowers of the cultivated plants range from yellow to dark scarlet red, and in recent years many new cultivars have been developed. Ornamental Features The genus Hamelia was named in honor of prominent French botanical author, Henry Louis Duhamel du Monceau (1700-17820). Hamelia patens, Fire bush is a showy, fast-growing, semi-woody evergreen shrub that can get up to 15 ft (4.6 m) tall under ideal conditions, but usually stays much smaller. Hamelia patens (Rubiaceae) Origin: Tropical and subtropical Americas Butterfly gardens are getting more and more popular these days; there is something very special about watching colorful insects flutter around the garden. The clusters of fruit also are showy. Other notable members of this family include Ixora, Gardenia, Pentas, and Coffee. Leaves turn red in fall. Southern Firebush Plant (hamelia patens) – This Florida native will amaze everyone with its firecracker-like orange and red blooms. Description: Evergreen shrub to 15 ft. Flowering season: All year. Wasps also nectar at the flowers, and Halictid bees [specifically the green-iridescent "Pure Golden Green Sweat Bee," Augochlora pura] are considered the principal pollinators. Description Height: 6 to 12 feetSpread: 5 to 8 feetPlant habit: spreadingPlant density: denseGrowth rate: fast Texture: medium Foliage Leaf arrangement: whorledLeaf type: simpleLeaf margin: undulateLeaf shape: ovateLeaf venation: brachidodrome; pinnateLeaf type and persistence: evergreenLeaf blade length: 4 to 8 inchesLeaf color: greenFall color: red Floral formula: 2. Firebush is a very fast growing, large 6 – 10 foot tall shrub. It can grow as tall as 15 feet (4.5 meters), but firebush can also be kept smaller. Commonly sold at nurseries and garden centers under the name LIME SIZZLER. *We have grown this species in our zone 8B gardens for over 30 years as a quite reliable 3-4' high die-back perennial. This plant is protected by patent number PP26247. It is also commonly known as Mexican firecracker or firecracker shrub because of the similarity of its flowers to firecrackers. In S China and in cultivation in general this species does not set fruit; the fruit description here is based on wild plants. glabra, with its typical orange-based yellow flowers, and refer to it as ‘Compacta’ as well. Trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Hamelia patens at Enchanting Floral Gardens of Kula, Maui, Hawaii. Floral Formula of Rubiaceae 3. Interesting plant for butterfly and bird gardens. Will reach up to 2' tall with a similar spread if grown as an annual. 11. Hamelia patens var. Latin Name: Hamelia Patens ‘Compacta’ Flower Color/Shape: Clusters produces clusters of red floral tubes with yellow-orange centers, on reddish-purple stems blooms spring through early fall. Description: A beautiful Florida native shrub, producing a dense mound of medium green leaves; orange-red and yellow tubular flowers all summer into fall that are loved by hummingbirds; evergreen and much larger growing in frost free climates without pruning. Range of Floral Structures 5. Propagate Hamelia patens by seed (which must be fresh), cuttings, or air-layers. It has whorled leaves, usually with three but occasionally as many as seven at each node. It is also commonly known as Mexican firecracker or firecracker shrub because of the similarity of its flowers to firecrackers. Title. Common Plants 6. Hamelia patens, commonly called scarlet bush or Texas firebush, is native to Southern Florida, Mexico, Central and South America. Some shrubs have fruits that I have eaten in the wild that are less bitter than others. As an annual in the St. Louis area, it typically rises to 2-3’ tall in a growing season and blooms in summer and early fall. In south Florida, larvae of a moth species sometimes Hamelia patens, Mexican Firebush F ew plants really thrive in our Texas heat from July to September, but Hamelia patens (sometimes listed as H. erecta ) seems to thrive on it. New growth may be attacked by aphids in early spring, but natural predators often rapidly check the inva-sion. Best flowering is in full sun conditions. IJSER International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 6, Issue 12, December -2015 967 Hamelia patens is an evergreen shrub, usually growing 1.8 - 3 metres tall, though sometimes becoming a tree up to 5 metres tall with a short bole around 8cm in diameter [. It is a member of the Madder family (Rubiaceae) and is actually a large shrub or small tree native to Mexico. It is also sold as “Dwarf Firebush,” even though the plant may … Root: Branched tap root system. Butterflies sometimes enjoy the floral nectar, and songbirds relish the juicy fruits. It is interesting to note the multiple countries in Central and South America that have used this plant externally to treat skin problems. 448. Description Hamelia patens. Leaves turn red in fall. Abaxial leaf surfaces (underneath) are gray-pubescent, leaf venation and petioloes are reddish, foliage turns nearlt completely reddish during winter; medium texture. Plant height: 10 – 16 inches (25 – 41 cm) Plant spread: 4 – 8 inches (10 – 21 cm) Hamelia patens shrub may be grown as a perennial, it is evergreen. Foliage/Texture: Whorled foliage is elliptic to oval, about 6 inches long. - FLOWERS: Beautiful orange-red, tubular flower over a long blooming period, “from late spring until the first frost.” [2] Flowers- in cymes. It grows quickly, shooting up several feet in its first growing season. Genus: Hamelia Jacq. The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The gorgeous firebush usually bears both flowers and fruit at the same time, and has no dormant period, growing and producing flowers and berries all year round. I have read that a wine is made from the ripe fruits in Mexico. Hamelia patens Also known as: Hummingbird Bush, Scarlet Bush. Number and Distribution 4. Its range extends from Florida in the southern United States to as far south as Argentina. This plant is similar to the species, but in compact form with leaves and flowers about half the normal size. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Hamelia thumbnails at the Plants Gallery ©Mark W. Skinner. In Belize, this plant's Mayan name is Ix Canaan and is also known as "Guardian of the Forest". Firebush is a showy, fast-growing, semi-woody evergreen shrub that can get up to 3 tall under ideal conditions. As an annual, it may be grown in borders, cottage gardens or containers. Match splints, tea boxes and packing cases are made from its wood. They make a nice inter-planting in a new food forest, tolerating both shade [at the start of the planting] and shade [as the trees grow over time and cast shade]. Much thanks to native plant expert and friend, Roger Hammer, for his article which made me aware of the hybrid-problem. Butterflies and hummingbirds are reportedly attracted to the flowers, and birds enjoy the fruits.Genus name honors Henri Louis du Hamel du Monceau (1700-1781), celebrated French writer on trees and shrubs.Specific epithet means spreading. Hamelia patens, commonly called scarlet bush or Texas firebush, is native to Southern Florida, Mexico, Central and South America. Whorls of pointed, oval, gray-green leaves (to 6” long) with pinkish veins. As a perennial, it grows well in hedges, borders and as an accent plant. Ixora parviflora: Habit: Evergreen shrub. Flowers give way to small dark fruits. Hymeodictyon excelsum; Verna-Bhaulan-This is a large tree. Leaves—opposite or whorled, simple, entire, usually with interpetiolar Description. Common names include firebush, hummingbird bush, scarlet bush, and redhead. The flowers are highly attractive to hummingbirds. The syrup of berries is given in dysentery. Hamelia patens Family: Rubiaceae Native Range: Central to South Florida and Tropical America. Flower Description: Tubular orange-red to red flowers appear in terminal clusters; Leaves: Leaf Color: Green Deciduous Leaf Fall Color: Red/Burgundy Leaf Arrangement: Opposite Whorled Leaf Shape: Ovate Hairs Present: No Leaf Length: 3-6 inches Leaf Width: 1-3 inches Leaf Description: oval, gray-green leaves with pinkish veins. General Characters of Rubiaceae: Plants—minute herbs (e.g., Galium) to huge trees (e.g., Anthocephalus). Although somewhat drought-tolerant once established as a perennial in southern areas, it prefers regular moisture when grown as an annual. The fruits are edible. Good soil drainage is important for this plant. 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