Since these parameters describe perceptions, beliefs, assumptions and the nature of reality and truth (knowledge of that What Is an Ontology? ontology research. The Philosophical Underpinnings of Educational Research Lindsay Mack Abstract This article traces the underlying theoretical framework of educational research. The present essay is devoted to the application of ontology in support of research in the natural sciences. ontological stance adopted in constructivist research thus differs from a more realist ontology and objectivist epistemology underlying popular conceptions of ‘Grounded Theory’ (for example, Glaser and Strauss, 1967; Strauss and Corbin, 1998), where the investigator’s role is to discover the truth that lies within the object of In simple terms, ontology seeks … Nicola Guarino1,DanielOberle2,andSteffen Staab3 1 ITSC-CNR, Laboratory for Applied Ontology, 38100 Trento, Italy, nicola.guarino@cnr.it 2 SAP Research, CEC Karlsruhe, 76131 Karlsruhe, Germany, d.oberle@sap.com 3 University of Koblenz-Landau, ISWeb, 56016 Koblenz, Germany, staab@uni-koblenz.de Summary. Research Philosophies – Importance and Relevance 0. Grounded theory offered a qualitative approach rooted in ontological critical realism and epistemological objectivity (Annells, 1997). In order to achieve this purpose, we The aim of this paper is to present the core of Kant's critique of traditional metaphysics and ontology as a transcendental semantics that allows reformulating the problem about the objects and their reality. With the explicit purpose of helping higher degree research (HDR) students design effective research proposals, the paper also discusses the different research methodologies best suited to conduct research in each of the paradigms discussed. There are a great many guides to ontology, epistemology and methodology in social research and no need to refer to them all here. INTRODUCTION When undertaking research of this nature, it is important to consider different research paradigms and matters of ontology and epistemology. Bryman (2004) identifies two ontological positions concerning social research, ‘objectivism’ and ‘constructionism’. Identification of the ontology at the begging of research process is critically important as it determines the choice of the research design to be adopted via epistemology, which affects the research approach as well as the research strategy, methods of data collection and data analysis. By In this traditional version of It allows us our insight and our blindness, and on a The word “ontology” is used with different senses in different com- Keywords: Research paradigm, Epistemology, Ontology, Methodology, Axiology 1. to ontology as the nature of the ‘knowable’ or the nature of ‘reality’. Assumptions of an ontological kind concern the very nature of social entities being investigated. It outlines the definitions of epistemology, ontology and paradigm and the origins, main tenets, and key thinkers of the 3 paradigms; positivist, interpetivist and critical. If one group of researchers develops such an ontology in detail, others can simply reuse it … tivist approach dominated research, and Glaser and Strauss aspired to challenge the criticisms of qualitative research as being unscientific and lacking rigor (McCann & Clark, 2003). Epistemology in sum is, the claim on what knowledge is valid in research on organizing knowledge, and therefore what constitutes acceptable sources of evidence (presenting that knowledge) and acceptable end results of knowledge (findings from KO research). In brief, ontology, as a branch of philosophy, is the science of what is, of the kinds and structures of objects. For example, models for many different domains need to represent the notion of time. This representation includes the notions of time intervals, points in time, relative measures of time, and so on. 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