WWF’s Senior Program Officer for Wildlife Conservation, Nilanga Jayasinghe, has worked tirelessly to save rhinos across Asia by building capacity and developing and executing strategic conservation and technological application plans designed to give these iconic creatures a change in the face of the multiple challenges they face. However, all the living are now found in the Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Sabah, and Sumatran. The majority of the black rhino population—98%—is concentrated in four countries: South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and … For example, political instability and wars have hindered rhino conservation in Angola, Rwanda, Somalia, and Sudan. World Wildlife Fund Inc. is a nonprofit, tax-exempt charitable organization (tax ID number 52-1693387) under Section 501(c)(3) of the Internal Revenue Code. South Africa and Namibia have the most black rhino populations. Black rhinos are the smaller of the two African rhino species. By Jana Gregorio on November 24 2020 in Environment. The main countries in which these African rhinos are found include Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zimbabwe, and Botswana, amongst others. Large one-horned rhinoceroses are found in wetlands and rain forests in northern India and southern Nepal. The northern white rhinos live in the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Kenya, and armed guards protect the rhinos 24/7. White rhinos live in African long and short grass savanna areas, grassy plains, and prefer tropical and subtropical grasslands and shrublands. Both black and white rhinos have two horns but can be differentiated based on the shaped mouth. It is mainly found in both the lowland and secondary forests, inhabiting the hilly areas that are close to water sources. Habitat loss and fragmentation have also contributed to the Sumatran rhinos' decreasing numbers. They are considered vulnerable to extinction and have a population of around 3,700 individuals. They really do live in Nepal and India. Sumatran rhinos are the smallest of the living rhinoceroses and the only Asian rhino with two horns. Rhinos are born without horns, but within just a couple of months, a tiny stub appears – and their horns continue to grow for the rest of their lives. They are critically endangered and are the most threatened of the five rhino species. Rhino horn is made of keratin, the same substance as human hair and fingernails. Experts point out that adult rhinos have only one real threat in the wild: humans. The Ujung Kulon National Park provides the rhinos with ideal habitat conditions, such as forests interspersed with glades. This rhino is the Asian greater one horned rhino. Many live in well-guarded parks and reserves. Add a Comment. However, they are now only found in a few sites in Sumatra and Borneo in Indonesia. Rhinoceri are native to Africa and Asia. The Sumatran or hairy rhino is the smallest species of rhino. The Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus) was once common over a large part of Southeast Asia, from India to Bangladesh, China, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia peninsula, Sumatra, Borneo, and the western half of Java. We are dead serious about stopping wildlife crime. Despite a ban on rhino horn since 1977, demand remains high and fuels poaching in both continents. White rhinos and black rhinos live in the grasslands and floodplains of eastern and southern Africa. However, in the early 19th century, the animals were almost hunted to extinction for sport and killed as agricultural pests. Designations of black and white describe the rhinoceros' features and habits rather than color. Males tend not to mate until they are 10-12 years old. They are native to eastern and southern Africa. White is a misconception the word stems from dutch and it actually meant wide. In 2014 alone, over 1,200 rhinos were poached due to rising demand for their horns in traditional Asian medicines. The greater one-horned rhino (Rhinoceros unicornis), also known as the Indian rhino, is the largest rhino species. Indian Rhinoceroses were originally found living in the lush grasslands across Nepal, Bangladesh and the foothills of the Himalayan Mountain Range. Black rhinos live in tropical and subtropical grasslands, savannas, shrublands, deserts, and xeric shrublands. The Sumatran rhino faces an additional threat--isolation. Donations are tax-deductible as allowed by law. Other threats to their population are inbreeding among smaller, isolated communities and disease transmission. Threats. They were once found in countries such as Burma, India, and Bangladesh. Around 99% of southern white rhinos live in South Africa, Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Kenya. Where Rhinos Live Historically, the five rhino species that exist today roamed across much of Africa, the Indian Subcontinent, Southeast Asia and southern China. White rhinos and black rhinos live in the grasslands and floodplains of eastern and southern Africa. The Javan rhino was once widespread over large parts of Southeast Asia but is now only found in Java, Indonesia. The white rhinoceros originally resided in South Africa but was reproduced again in Botswana, Namibia, Swaziland and Zimbabwe. A volcanic eruption of the nearby Anak Krakatau volcano could wipe out many rhinos in the protected area. Javan rhinos, also known as lesser one-horned rhinos, are one of three Asian species of rhinos. Females reproduce only every two and a half to five years. Diet of the White Rhino All rhinoceros are herbivores, which means they eat plants. Rhinos are also very popular in popular culture. 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